“Knowing your skin type is important, because skincare regimen will only yield results if you are using ones that are best formulated for your skin’s unique needs. Here are some easy tips to determine what kind of skin you have without a professional assessment.”
Identifying and understanding your particular skin type and its needs are steps closer to finding your ideal personal skin care regimen. If you don’t know your skin type before embarking on a skin care regimen can make your skin problems worse. The skin care industry understands this concept very well, that is why you see so many products targeted to specific types of skin.
When people think of skin type, the terms are generally dry, normal, and oily. But there are 5 basic skin care types: oily, combination (normal), sensitive, dry and sun-damaged. Your skin type is determined by how much (or how little) oil your skin produces.
Skin that is neither overly oily nor very dry with less occurrences of acne than those with oily skin because the oil and sweat glands of normal skin usually maintain a consistent and optimal production level. This type of skin has a clear, fine-textured, supple and smooth surface that is neither greasy nor dry. It often has a rosy glow to cheeks, which is evidence of good circulation in the blood vessels of the dermis.
Normal skin is beautiful, but it needs care if it is to last. It require regular maintenance including proper cleansing and moisturizing. Neglect can lead to signs of aging and wrinkling.
- Clean twice a day with a mild soap or formulation and water.
- Follow every cleansing with a mild freshener to keep pores tight and to remove traces of cleanser clinging to the skin. Use an astringent with low alcohol content.
- At night, apply moisturizer to keep skin’s normal moisture balance
- Avoid direct heat on the face such as blow dryers.
- Constantly use a mild, oil-based moisturizer under makeup to help retain surface moisture. Make sure to use makeup products that contain a sunscreen protection.
- Perform facial mask once every two weeks to stimulate the circulation and smooth the surface of the skin.
Oily skin possesses overactive oil glands. It is often shiny, especially in the T-zone (from the forehead, down the nose to the chin). People with oily skin may have enlarged pores, and may be prone to blackheads and breakouts due to the overproduction of the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands.
Often, individuals with oily skin excessively scrub their face, often with harsh cleansers. Also, they tend to use toners multiple times a day and might use harsh acne medication containing benzyl peroxide, which is extremely drying.
Some people tend to perform scrubbing constantly to get rid of the excess oil, but what they don’t realized is that scrubbing and drying out the skin actually makes the problem of oily skin worse. Our skin naturally creates oil (sebum) needed to keep the skin supple and moisturized. If you are constantly removing every trace of oil, this signals to the oil producing glands that there is a shortage and that it needs to make more.
- Wash skin about 2-3 times a day with a cleanser formulated for oily skin.
- Tone face often with alcohol-free toners to remove excess oil and to clean enlarged pores. You can also use tonics or ice cubes to restore the health and balance of your skin.
- Use only non-greasy moisturisers.
- Exfoliate twice weekly with a gentle scrub or use mask with hydrating ingredients.
- If you suffer from breakouts, an astringent may help.
- When it comes to makeup, powdered blends work better than liquid ones and look for oil-free options.
The skin produces sebum to keep its surface moisturized. If you have dry skin, most likely, your skin has under-active oil glands, which limit the amount of moisture produced. As a result, your skin is dry, often itchy, appear dull and lackluster. Your skin can also flake and crack due to the lack of moisture.
Dry skin may be caused or made worse by your genes, aging or hormonal changes, weather such as wind, sun, or cold, ultraviolet (UV) radiation from tanning beds and even the indoor heating. Dry skin has a tendency towards fine wrinkles, flaking and red patches. That’s why it requires special care.
- Clean your facial skin with mild cleanser or herbal infusion formulation once daily.
- Apply rich moisturizer twice a day and allow some time for your skin to absorb nourishing and moisturizing ingredients from the oil.
- Exfoliate weekly and even slather on primers before applying foundation just to plump the skin up as much as possible.
- Carry Evian spray water with you when traveling to less humid areas and spray on face to keep skin from drying out.
Sensitive skin tends to be thin, and delicate with fine pores. It can easily irritate by the sun, certain cosmetic products and it is prone to redness, itchy patches or blotchy skin. It reacts quickly and negatively to cleansers, lotions, irritating clothing, and items such as, fabric softeners and clothing detergent.
Individuals with sensitive skin have hyperactive immune systems that read certain products or weather conditions as enemies and fight them off as foreign objects, This reaction often leads to skin redness, itching, stinging, and burning. For this skin type, it is best to avoid chemicals and use natural soaps and moisturizers.
- Wash, tone and moisturize regularly using natural or organic skin care products for sensitive skin.
- Protect your skin from the sun by wearing an organic sunscreen SPF 30 or more every time you go outside.
- Eliminate processed foods from your diet to ensure you do not get any irritations from food allergies.
- Try not to use commercial creams and moisturizers that have petroleum. Trust on hypoallergenic products that are alcohol and paraben free.
AGING OR SUN-DAMAGED SKIN
Over time as our skin ages, it shows signs of aging, including dark spots or age spots, wrinkles, and fine lines. This skin types also feels tight, slack skin tone especially around the cheeks and jawline with leathery texture and broken capillaries.
- Do the regular cleansing-toning-moisturising ritual everyday, incorporating a night cream will enhance the damage reversal process by healing damaged skin
- Exfoliates once a week to help remove old, dry, dead skin cells, toxins and other deposits and allow new skin cells to surface. For regular use, rely on exfoliators with botanical extracts. Additionally, look out for products containing multi-vitamins
- Indulge in face repair masks containing ingredients such as Arbutin which relieves the skin off the damage, vitamin C extracts that help in even skin tone. Argan oil is also a beneficial ingredient that reduces the appearance of wrinkles.